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Spanish 131 Guide

Present Progressive

Ser and Estar

Direct Objects and Direct Object Pronouns

  • Before reading this, if you do not know what a subject, verb, pronoun, or direct object is, please click on these terms to view definitions.
  • It is important that you know what these words mean in order to understand Spanish direct objects and direct object pronouns.
  • Once you have done this, please visit this link and this link for an intro to direct object pronouns:

The basic format for using direct object pronouns (DOPs) in Spanish is as follows:





Below is an example of changing a direct object to a direct object pronoun.

  • José tira la pelota.
  • José la tira.

The first sentence is roughly equivalent to ¨José throws the ball.¨ The second is roughly equivalent to "José throws it

  • A good trick for finding the direct object or DOP if you are unsure is to ask yourself, "who or what is being verbed?"
  • To do this, find the verb of the sentence.  In the examples above, the verb is "throw," so you would ask, "who or what is being thrown?"  The ball is being thrown.  Therefore, it is our direct object. 

For practice, visit this link and this link.