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Basic Grammar and Punctuation

An AARC writing resource

About Verbs

A verb shows the action (read, walk, run, learn), or state of being (is, am, are, were) in the sentence. Identify the verb by asking what is happening in this sentence? For example:

We ran to the store.
My father is an excellent cook.
 
Verbs also tell the time when the action took place.
teach school. (present tense)
We walked home from school. (past tense)
 
In the present tense, note how he, she, and it use a verb with an s.
Present Tense

Singular

Plural

1st person

I listen

We listen

2nd person

You listen

You listen

3rd person

He, she, it listens

They listen

 
 
The past tense of most verbs is formed by adding ed to the end.
Past Tense

Singular

Plural

1st person

I listened

We listened

2nd person

You listened

You listened

3rd person

He, she, it listened

They listened