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Citations & References

Quoting Explained

When using information from a source, you can use quotes, both to prevent plagiarism and to add credibility. Place the borrowed reference within quotation marks and then add a brief citation afterward according to the style guide you are using. 

Example in MLA:

“Although the assessment was proven useless, the study material enhanced the students’ learning abilities” (Markson 36).

Markson states, "“Although the assessment was proven useless, the study material enhanced the students’ learning abilities” (36).

HOWEVER, don't use quotes to speak for you.  Quotes are used sparingly to show an author’s particular viewpoint. Explain the idea or information in your own words 1st because:

1) it shows your professor that you understand what you read

2) you want your ideas to stand out in the paper.

If you believe that the direct quote is necessary to provide the most important information, embed it into your own words to enhance your personal argument:.

Once the students received scores for their assessments, test results showed no difference even though “the study material enhanced the students’ learning abilities” (Markson 36).