When are They Needed? Often, employers want you to submit a cover letter along with your resume. This extra document can be incredibly helpful to you if used correctly! Cover letters serve as your opportunity to communicate directly to the person in charge of hiring for the position.
What Goes in Them? Cover letters vary in content and purpose depending on the job you are applying for, but typically they contain:
Why are They Important? Cover letters are great for giving your application a personality. Even though a resume will contain much more information about what skills and experiences you have, a cover letter lets you explain why you're the person who should get the job. What in your qualifications makes you suited to the position?
What Should Be Left Out? A cover letter is not a place to simply restate your experience. Also, it is important to be specific! You should tailor your letter to the position you're applying for. It is best to avoid appearing like you will take any job. You want a specific one!