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Citations & References

Welome to the AARC Citation & Reference Guide

References are necessary for all papers that include a research component. Any fact, figure, or idea that did not come from you must have both an in-text citation and an end reference. Having accurate references in your paper is a big step towards gaining credibility with your reader.  

Plagiarism is the practice of pulling ideas from other sources to include in your own work. It's a kind of academic dishonesty because ideas are considered the property of the author, and by using others' ideas without giving them credit, you are claiming those ideas as your own. This kind of intellectual theft, whether it was intentional or not, comes with academic consequences. 

Academic Sources. As students are constantly reminded, "ANYONE can put ANYTHING on the internet." In academic writing, it is important to avoid using sources that may not be accurate or reliable. This means that a quick Google search will probably not offer the most helpful sites. However, decent and reliable places to find information (such as your library databases) do exist! See the box labeled "More About Academic Sources" for further information. 

Most Current Data. In most cases, you will want to use the most recent research that's been published. This, of course, is subject to change depending on the paper topic; however, the general rule is to use the most current information available. 

Accuracy. A well-written paper should consist of supporting evidence for the idea that is being presented to readers. If the supporting evidence is not accurately cited, then the paper's credibility becomes questionable

Formatting is another essential part of successfully writing an academic paper. A paper with correct formatting helps to keep your work more organized and your reader's attention more focused

For questions on punctuation and grammar specifically, see the Basic Grammar And Punctuation Guide

For more help, come for tutoring at the AARC!